What is CBD ?

CBD, also known as cannabidiol is the second most popular active substance (after the psychotropic substance THC) derived from the hemp plant. CBD mimics the brain's neurotransmitters by acting on the body's endocannabinoid system, making it highly beneficial for our health and well-being.

What is CBD? This article provides useful information about cannabidiol (CBD), its origin, modes of action and benefits to the human body.

Straipsnio turinys

    Note: This and other articles on Hempo's blog are for informational purposes only. According to the directive of the European Commission, cannabidiol is classified as a 'novel food', therefore CBD products should not be used as a food supplement in Lithuania.


    Many would probably agree that lately we have been seeing and hearing the name CBD almost everywhere, from social media to TV commercials. And yet, despite how well-known it is becoming, many people still don’t know the essential information about this compound. Lucky for you, we are here to help you untangle the seemingly complicated world of CBD.

    What is CBD? A brief prehistory

    CBD is classified as a cannabinoid, a compound that acts similarly to neurotransmitters in your brain. Cannabinoids are naturally found in the human body, but when they are produced by your body, they are called endocannabinoids.

    After the law came into effect in Lithuania, allowing the use of all parts of the hemp plant in production, many brands and consumers very quickly began to realise the unique nature and effect of CBD. In many foreign countries, CBD is especially popular due to its anti-inflammatory, anxiety-relieving and calming effects. CBD cosmetics has also become very popular in Lithuania, helping many people to deal with problems such as joint pain (and other pains), dry skin, breakage of nails and hair.

    Evidence that CBD works

    The rapidly growing interest of people in CBD, the ever-increasing number of ads and positive reviews can pique the curiosity of many. With the growing interest in cannabidiol, for those new to the benefits of CBD, a natural question may arise: Do CBD products provide tangible benefits?

    When looking for an answer, it is worth noting that there are many scientific studies that have proven the effectiveness of CBD in dealing with various problems. A study conducted in 2019 found that CBD in cosmetic products helped to relieve skin dryness, itching and general facial skin irritation.

    Another study found that CBD use was an effective therapeutic product in the treatment of chronic inflammation and sciatic nerve pain. Additional studies have shown that the subjects who were exposed to anxiety-provoking situations experienced a decrease in anxiety symptoms. Cannabidiol is believed to improve the quality of sleep and adjust the sleep rhythm.

    CBD can also be effective in relieving joint pain and headaches. This product is recommended for people with various chronic conditions like Parkinson’s, arthritis, etc.

    How does CBD affect your body?

    After making sure that cannabidiol is effective, another question arises. How does this compound interact in your body?

    There is no shortage of complex scientific studies on this issue, but we can provide a fairly simple and straightforward answer. Cannabidiol positively affects the endocannabinoid system (ECS) in everyone’s body (ECS).

    The endocannabinoid system is a natural biological system that is very important in regulating multiple functions, such as appetite, mood, sleep rhythm, skin PH, nail and hair structure balance, immune system, pain perception, etc. The ECS contains endocannabinoid receptors, whose essential function is to transmit impulses to your brain: the receptors tell you when to feel and not to feel pain, anxiety, hunger and sleepiness.

    It is these receptors that CBD acts on.


    CBD bioavailability and routes of administration

    If you are interested in what CBD is and how it can benefit your health and well-being, it is important to analyze the concept of CBD bioavailability and the different ways it can be used. Simply put, bioavailability is the rate at which CBD (cannabidiol) enters your bloodstream. In a study published in the journal Frontiers in Pharmacology, researchers found that the highest bioavailability is achieved when CBD is mixed with MCT coconut oil compared to other carrier oils such as hemp seed or olive oil. In countries where CBD is used as a dietary supplement, the most effective way of administration is by dropping the oil under the tongue, in this way the maximum and fastest absorption of the active substances is achieved. Another alternative to using CBD oil is external use, in this case the hemp extract can be rubbed on the arteries of the wrists (hands), sore muscles/joints, or problematic areas of the skin (rash, acne). Understanding bioavailability can greatly increase the effectiveness of cannabis extract. So whether you're using CBD oil for the first time or looking to improve its effectiveness, remember that not all CBD products are equally effective.

    How to use CBD

    • In foreign countries, CBD oil is usually taken orally: a few drops can be put directly in the mouth or mixed in a glass of water, added to other drinks or food. Please note that it may take 1 to 2 hours for the oil to work this way as it has to pass through the digestive system. Do not exceed the recommended dose of cannabidiol, and use the lowest recommended dose when using this product for the first time.
    • CBD oil can also be used topically. It works best in cases where a local effect is aimed at relieving pain in a specific area of the body (e.g. joints). For first-time CBD users, we recommend putting one drop on the palm of your hand, rubbing it and making sure that you do not experience an unwanted allergic reaction (redness of the skin, etc.).

    Different CBD Products

    When it comes to the different uses of CBD, we can find a variety of products on the market to suit different needs and preferences. For those asking, "What is CBD?" it is important to know that CBD oil is only the tip of the iceberg.

    CBD cosmetics are gaining popularity due to their benefits in the fight against various skin problems, rashes, dry skin or excessive oiliness, as cannabidiol can balance the secretion of skin glands (sebum).
    CBD gummies are a convenient, quick and tasty way to consume cannabidiol. However, studies have shown that the digestive acids in the stomach destroy up to 23% of cannabidiol, so this method of administration may not be as effective.
    CBD patches provide a slow release of CBD into the subcutaneous layer and muscles, which can provide pain relief.
    Smoking CBD liquid offers an alternative way to consume CBD - vaping, which often provides a quick sense of relaxation. However, it is worth noting that there are not enough clinical studies to confirm the safety of inhaling CBD oil.

    Each of these products allows users to try different ways of consuming CBD and the benefits that best suit their needs.

    Potential side effects of CBD

    Although CBD side effects are very rare, it is important to be aware that symptoms such as dry mouth, diarrhea, changes in appetite, short-term dizziness or fatigue may occur. To reduce the risk of experiencing these effects, choose the highest quality CBD oil on the market. Always check CBD oil laboratory results to make sure the product is free of heavy metals and other contaminants (this information is provided by each certified lab). By doing so, you will not only increase the effectiveness of the product, but also reduce the likelihood of possible side effects.

    CBD dosing

    In order to achieve the desired result, it is very important to understand about CBD dosage. Contrary to popular belief, it is not the concentration of CBD oil that matters, but the amount of CBD consumed in milligrams. Whether you use a small (eg. 5%) or high strength (30%) oils, the main criterion is the total CBD content in milligrams. For first-time users of hemp oil, the general recommendation is to start with 30mg of CBD twice a day. If you decide you want a stronger effect, you can gradually increase the number of drops until you feel the desired results.

    CBD and medicine interactions

    One important detail that is often overlooked is how CBD can interact with certain medications you may already be taking, such as blood thinners. This can be a very important consideration for those taking medication, as interactions can affect the effectiveness of the medication and cause unwanted side effects. If you are on medication, especially blood thinners, be sure to consult a healthcare professional before incorporating CBD into your daily routine, as this can help ensure your safety and the effectiveness of your medication and CBD.

    Can you take CBD with THC?

    CBD is the second most common active ingredient derived from the hemp plant, the first being tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). Although CBD and THC are closely related as they are both cannabinoids, their effects are very different.

    THC has psychoactive effects, leading to anxiety or paranoia. Unlike THC, CBD does not have psychoactive effects or other negative effects. Cannabidiol products will not make you feel intoxicated, irritated or nervous and you will not experience hallucinations or other unpleasant sensations. To learn more, read the article "Is CBD legal in Lithuania?".

    When it comes to the interaction between CBD and THC, it is worth noting that very small amounts of THC can be found in full-spectrum CBD oil. It has the widest range of ingredients compared to other CBD oils. It contains cannabinoids such as CBD, CBG, CBN, etc., as well as terpenes, flavonoids and other natural compounds found in the hemp plant. This oil has the strongest effect and is therefore highly valued.

    Important to mention that laws of the Republic of Lithuania establish that the THC content in full-spectrum CBD oil and all other hemp products cannot exceed 0.2%. Therefore, you should choose brands that provide analyses of laboratory tests for each batch and detailed information on the content of all cannabinoids in these products.

    Although it is very unlikely that your body will absorb a detectable amount of THC through the skin, if you are a professional athlete, have a job where you are subject to periodic drug tests, are pregnant, breastfeed or are simply afraid of THC substances, it is recommended to choose THC-free broad-spectrum CBD oils.

    CBD aliejus gyvūnams Hempo

    CBD benefits for animals

    Animals, like humans, have an Endocannabinoid System (ECS), so CBD oil can provide them with positive health and well-being benefits. CBD oil is very popular among pet owners in the US, especially loved for its effects on reducing dog aggression, anxiety (eg. fear of fireworks), and joint pains. In addition, CBD effectively improves the well-being of cats - it relieves age-related joint pain, improves digestion and also reduces nervousness. When choosing a CBD product for your pet, it is very important to choose an oil that does not contain the substance THC, as it is dangerous to animals. In this case, it is best to choose a broad-spectrum CBD oil specially adapted for pets. Regardless of your choice, consult your veterinarian before using CBD.

    Important criteria for growing hemp

    The process of growing high-quality hemp is an important factor that affects the amount of beneficial cannabinoids, terpenes and flavonoids in the hemp plant and the effectiveness of CBD oil. In order to maximize the amount of these valuable compounds, it is necessary to choose a hemp extract that is extracted from species of hemp with a special genetic profile. But it's not just how much beneficial cannabinoids a plant produces that matters, but also how it's grown. It is advisable to avoid products that are made from hemp grown using pesticides and chemical fertilizers, as this affects the quality, safety and benefits of CBD. Look for producers who choose natural pest control and sustainable farming methods, such as crop rotation and organic soil enrichment. These methods not only result in a more efficient and cleaner product, but also contribute to a more sustainable and green agricultural model.

    As easy as C-B-D!

    As you can see, to understand what CBD is, it is not enough to know what it means. It is very important to find out how this cannabinoid works and what it does.

    The three letters of CBD hide a whole wide range of possibilities that you need to discover for yourself. Cannabidiol is definitely worth a try: it is well tolerated in almost all cases and side effects are very rare.

    Dažnai užduodami klausimai

    Kokio stiprumo CBD aliejų rinktis ?

    Nepriklausomai nuo to, kokio stiprumo CBD aliejų renkatės, dėmesį kreipti reikėtų į vartojamo CBD kiekį miligramais. Pavyzdžiui pradedantiems yra rekomenduojama vartoti po 20-30mg CBD, du kartus per dieną, o priklausomai nuo koncentracijos, skirsis reikiamų vartoti lašų kiekis:

    • 5% CBD aliejaus viename laše yra 2,5mg CBD
    • 10% CBD aliejaus viename laše yra 5mg CBD
    • 15% CBD aliejaus viename laše yra 7,5mg CBD
    • 20% CBD aliejaus viename laše yra 10mg CBD
    • 30% CBD aliejaus viename laše yra 15mg CBD

    Trumpai tariant, norimą efektą galima pajausti su bet kurio stiprumo CBD aliejumi, tiesiog skirsis reikiamų vartoti lašų kiekis.

    Kas yra CBD ?

    CBD, arba kanabidiolis, yra kanapių augaluose randama molekulė, kurios teigiamą naudą žmonių organizmui patvirtino daugybė mokslinių tyrimų. Atrasta 1940 m. ir plačiai tiriama mokslo bendruomenėje iki šiol. CBD naudojamas kosmetikoje, maisto papilduose ir net vaistuose.
    Nors ir išgaunamas iš kanapių, CBD neturi psichotropinio poveikio. Ši medžiaga yra legali daugelyje šalių, įskaitant ir Lietuvą.

    Kam naudojamas CBD aliejus ?

    CBD aliejus ir jo gaminiai turi labai platų panaudojimo spektrą, pradedant nuo kosmetikos, kuri gali padėti gydyti išsausėjusią odą, aknę, senėjimo požymius, bei sustiprinti nagų ir plaukų būklę bei struktūrą. Kanabidiolis daugelyje pasaulio šalių yra vartojamas kaip maisto papildas ir vertinami dėl savo raminamųjų savybių - gali pagerinti miego sutrikimus (jo kokybę), sumažinti nerimą ar net depresiją. Negana to, daugybės klinikinių tyrimų metu buvo įrodyta, jog CBD vartojimas gali turėti teigiamą poveikį gydant įvairius sutrikimus ar ligas, apie tai galite paskaityti čia.

    CBD aliejus sąveikauja su žmogaus endokanabinoidine sistema, padėdamas atkurti ir palaikyti fizinių bei psichologinių funkcijų balansą. Daugiau apie tai skaitykite šiame straipsnyje.

    Ar CBD legalu Lietuvoje ?

    Taip. Remiantis LR pluoštinių kanapių įstatymo nr. XII-336 pataisomis, CBD kanapių aliejaus gaminiai, jų prekyba ir naudojimas yra leidžiamas, tačiau svarbu žinoti jog šiuose gaminiuose, psichoaktyviosios medžiagos tetrahidrokanabinolio (THC) kiekis privalo neviršyti 0,2%.

    Kaip vartoti CBD ?

    Rekomenduojame vartoti reguliariai, lašinant produkto aprašyme nurodytą lašų kiekį ant pasirinktos vietos, 2 kartus per dieną (ryte ir vakare), prieš vartojimą papurtyti. Atkreipiame dėmesį į tai, jog kiekvienas turime skirtingą pageidaujamą poveikį ir tolerancijos lygį skirtingos koncentracijos CBD produktams, todėl siūlome pradėti nuo mažiausio rekomenduojamo vartoti kiekio ir esant poreikiui, palaipsniui jį didinti, tačiau neviršykite 200 mg CBD per dieną.
    Turėkite omenyje - jeigu CBD naudojate pirmą kartą, poveikį galite pajausti ne iš karto,- Jūsų endokanabinoidų receptoriai turi prisitaikyti prie fitokanabinoidų (CBD), tam gali prireikti iki keletos dienų.

    Per kiek laiko pradeda veikti CBD ?

    • CBD aliejus įprastai pradeda veikti per 15 minučių.
    • CBD kapsulių poveikis jaučiamas po 40-90 minučių.
    • CBD pleistras pradeda veikti iš karto, tačiau numalšinti raumenų ar sąnarių skausmą gali užtrukti 4-8 val.

    Kas yra Pilno spektro (Full-spectrum) CBD aliejus ?

    Ši CBD aliejaus rūšis pasižymi plačiausia kanabinoidų (CBD, CBG, CBN ir kt.) sudėtimi, įskaitant terpenus ir flavanoidus. Ši CBD ekstrakto rūšis yra laikoma efektyviausia, nes turi didžiausią kanabinoidų „palydos (sinergijos) efektą“. Šis efektas lemia didesnį CBD efektyvumą. Jis atsiranda dėl to, kad Pilno spektro CBD aliejuje esantys gretutiniai kanabinoidai veikia kartu, taip sustiprindami ir CBD, poveikį organizmui.

    Kas yra Plataus spektro (Broad-spectrum) CBD aliejus ?

    Ši CBD aliejaus rūšis neturi konkretaus sudėties apibrėžimo, todėl gali reikšti kad ekstraktas savo sudėtyje turi tik kelis kanabinoidus ir/ar terpenus, arba tai, jog turi daugiau įvairių kanapių augalo junginių ir kanabinoidų.
    Hempo plataus spektro CBD aliejuje yra išsaugota didžioji dauguma naudingųjų kanabinoidų ir terpenų, tačiau yra visiškai pašalintas kanabinoidas THC (tetrahidrokanabinolis).

    Ar galiu panaudoti nuolaidos kodą, jeigu prekei jau yra taikoma nuolaida ?

    Nuolaidos nėra sumuojamos, todėl norėdami panaudoti nuolaidos kodą prekei, kurios kaina jau yra sumažinta, matysite žinutę: "Nuolaidos kodas negalioja".

    Ar CBD produktai gali sukelti šalutinį poveikį ?

    Daugelis klinikinių tyrimų įrodė, jog CBD gaminiai yra saugūs vartoti, tačiau ne paslaptis, jog kiekvieno organizmas yra skirtingas ir nors labai mažai tikėtina, tačiau gali pasireikšti nežymus šalutinis poveikis, pvz., odos paraudimas - tokiu atveju rekomenduojame nutraukti naudojimą ir kreiptis į šeimos gydytoją, prieš tęsiant CBD naudojimą.

    Pažymėtina ir tai, jog Pasaulio Antidopingo agentūra kanabidiolį (CBD) įtraukė į leidžiamų naudoti sportininkams medžiagų sąrašą.

    Ar saugu vartoti CBD nėščioms moterims ir vaikams ?

    Nėščioms moterims:
    Prieš pradedant vartoti CBD kanapių aliejų rekomenduojame pasitarti su kompetentingu gydytoju (dermatologu) ar specialistu.

    Yra atlikta daugybė klinikinių tyrimų, kurių rezultatai rodo, jog nedidelės CBD koncentracijos produktai yra saugūs naudoti vaikams nuo 3 metų.

    Ar kanapių aliejus ir CBD aliejus yra tas pats ?

    Ne. Kanapių aliejus ir CBD aliejus yra du skirtingi produktai. Kanapių aliejus išgaunamas iš kanapių sėklų ir dažniausiai naudojamas maisto gamyboje, vertinamas dėl sudėtyje esančių omega-3 ir omega-6 riebalų rūgščių. Tuo tarpu CBD aliejus yra išgaunamas iš kanapių žiedų ir lapų, bei vertinamas dėl jo sudėtyje esančių naudingųjų kanabinoidų. Šie du aliejai pasižymi visiškai skirtingu poveikiu ir panaudojimu. Daugiau apie CBD aliejaus poveikį galite sužinoti skaitydami šį straipsnį.

    Ar galima Hempo prekes įsigyti fizinėje parduotuvėje ?

    Taip. Hempo prekes galima įsigyti Centrinėje universalinėje parduotuvėje (CUP) adresu Upės g. 9, Vilniuje, III aukšte esančioje prekybos vietoje - "CBDHome".