Our goal is to change people's misconceptions about fiber hemp and help them understand its benefits. In this article, we will introduce you to the main differences between fiber and narcotic cannabis.
Note: This and other articles on Hemp's blog are for informational purposes only. According to the directive of the European Commission, cannabidiol is classified as a 'new food', therefore CBD products should not be used as a food supplement in Lithuania.
Differences between CBD and THC
It would be wrong to say that fiber hemp (eng. 'hemp') and the narcotic hemp (marihuana) are two different plants species - these plants belong to the same group of the cannabis (Cannabaceae) plant family under the name Cannabis Sativa . The main difference between these plant species is the amount of the psychotropic substance tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and the beneficial cannabinol (CBD) in them. In most countries of the European Union, hemp plants with a THC content of less than 0.2% are classified as fiber hemp, which is allowed to be grown and used in various industries (food, cosmetics, clothing, etc.). And all other cannabis plants with a psychotropic THC content of more than 0.2% are classified as narcotic cannabis (marijuana).
In short, both types of cannabis contain a wide variety of cannabinoids, but the difference is that the dominant cannabinoid in narcotic cannabis is the psychoactive tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), which can range from 5- 30%, and the dominant cannabinoid in fiber hemp is the beneficial cannabidiol (CBD), and THC in this hemp is no more than 0.2%, so its use is completely safe.
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Visually the two plants are quite different, if you were to compare them side by side the differences would be obvious. Typically, narcotic cannabis has wider leaves with dense-large flowers and is more bush-like, growing up to 2m tall. The fiber hemp plant, on the contrary, grows much taller (up to 4 years).) and visually slimmer with narrower leaves, most of which are at the top of the plant.
The main difference between fiber hemp and psychotropic cannabis
The main difference between these two plants is their chemical composition, especially the amount of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) in them. THC is a psychoactive cannabinoid that can be found in 5-30% of narcotic cannabis plants. Fiber hemp THC level does not exceed 0.2%, so its use does not cause psychoactive effects. The permissible limit of THC in hemp fiber is strictly regulated in most countries of the European Union and ranges from 0.2 to 0.3%.
The cultivation of narcotic cannabis requires a lot of care and the right conditions, optimal temperature, sufficient light and humidity. These plants are usually grown indoors and are extremely susceptible to various diseases, molds, etc., therefore various fertilizers and pesticides are used for their cultivation. Fiber hemp (hemp) is relatively easy to grow, it grows well in various conditions and does not require much maintenance, so it can be grown quickly and organically, without the use of various fertilizers and chemicals.
Fiber hemp is significantly different from narcotic hemp (marihuana) in its properties, industrial application, cultivation and functionality, but these differences did not change the politicians of the time decision in 1970 add all types of cannabis plants and their forms to the list of narcotic substances of the I (first) category.
More than 50 years later, in most countries of the world, fiber hemp and its products again acquired a different concept and ceased to be identified with narcotic hemp. Today, hemp fiber can and is used in thousands of different ways, including but not limited to: various nutritional supplements, cosmetics, skin care products, pharmaceuticals, clothing, building materials, etc.i.e Read more about the importance of fiber hemp in Lithuania and the world in this article.